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Principles of Roman Law (A-L)


Principles of Roman Law (A-L)


Anno accademico 2023/2024

Codice attività didattica
Lucia Zandrino (Titolare del corso)
Corso di studio
Laurea in Global Law and Transnational Studies - a Torino (D.M. 270/2004) [0707L31]
1° anno
Secondo semestre
Di base
SSD attività didattica
IUS/18 - diritto romano e diritti dell'antichità
Tipologia esame
Nessuno. Conoscenze di base di storia romana e della sua periodizzazione possono però essere utili.
Propedeutico a

Sommario insegnamento


Obiettivi formativi

The educational targets of this course, as referred to the degree course in Global Law and Transnational Legal Studies, consist in: 1) providing students with the basic notions of Roman law, also with reference to the technical terminology connected to them, as a necessary basis for studying all law systems belonging to Roman law tradition; 2) introducing students to the understanding of law as a historical phenomenon, thus subjected to modifications, hence to diachronic evolution; 3) with regard to the target mentioned under 2), introducing students to the juridical reasoning (with a main reference to civil law area) through examining the evolution of the institutes and of the systematic aspects of Roman law in the thoughts of the ancient jurists.


Risultati dell'apprendimento attesi


At the end of the course, students should be able to explain the basic notions of Roman law using the necessary technical terminology in a correct way; they should have acquired historical and juridical skills, so that they can explain the institutes of Roman law in their diachronic evolution; they should demonstrate to have understood and be able to express precisely the steps and stages of the process of juridical reasoning referring to each institute and to the systematic aspects of Roman law.



This course offers a survey, with a both systematic and historical approach, of the Roman private and procedural law, hemphasising its development from the monarchic period till the Justinian age. Lectures will regard the following thematic sectors: 

1) sources of law;

2) law of actions (procedure);

3) law of persons;

4) law of property;

5) law of obligations.


Please take into account that the law of inheritance and the European ius commune are excluded from this course (see under in the textbook section)


Please refer also to teaching material uploaded on Moodle, mostly for what concerns the part of the course about the law of actions and the extinction of obligations (see under in the textbook section). Other teaching material could be uploaded during the course. 


Modalità di insegnamento

Lectures are given in presence. No lecture will be recorded or uploaded on Moodle.

However, students are kindly asked to register to the course and also to enrol to Moodle, as this is needed in order to receive emails regarding the course (e.g. regarding meetings, teaching material, exams, etc).

Lectures and meetings do not replace the studying of the textbook, as they will usually cover only the most relevant aspects of Roman law. Nonetheless, students are highly encouraged to attend lectures, as these will be very useful for the understanding of the many technicalities of this subject-matter.



Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

Exams will be in presence.

In-presence exams will be in written form. Students will be given an hour to complete a paper divided in three sections, as following: in the first section, students must answer to a multiple choice test with three questions; in the second section, students must focus only on a definition, list etc. pertaining to a Roman specific juridical institute (e.g. list of the modes of creation of usufruct; definition of 'mandate'; etc.); in the third section, students will be asked for an in-depth survey of a Roman juridical institute. 


Online exams can be required by students only because of Covid or Covid related health issues. In this case, students must contact Prof. Zandrino via email before the exam. They also should write their request in the "note" field when enrolling to the exam call.

Online exams will be divided in two parts. The first part consists in a text with multiple choice, which will be accessible on Moodle. It consists of 20 (twenty) questions, to be answered in 20 minutes. Every right answer will receive 1 point. Questions will concern every part of the course.

A minimum of 12 (twelve) points will be needed in order to access the second part of the exam, which is only oral. Students are examined online in the webex room of Professor Zandrino ( Questions will concern only the law of property and the law of obligation. 



Attività di supporto


Testi consigliati e bibliografia

Borkowski's Textbook on Roman Law (6th or further edition)
Anno pubblicazione:  
Oxford University Press
Paul du Plessis

Please notice that part III, chap. 8 (law of inheritance) and part V as a whole of the above mentioned textbook are excluded from this course

Teaching material, mostly regarding the law of actions (procedure) and the extinction of obligation, will be uploaded on Moodle and considered as obligatory part of this course.





1) Kindly notice this class can be attended only by students A-L, i.e. by students whose first letter of their surname belongs with a letter from A to L. Consequently, no student M-Z can take the exam with Prof. Zandrino.

2) However, our academic regulations grant the right to students to take the exam with the same professor they had, if he is still teaching the class. Thus, students who attended the class in the previous academic years till 2020-21 have the right to take the exam with Professor Zandrino, as they followed the class with her ("Principles of Roman Law" was not splitted in two before such year).

3) Also, our academic regulations, in case a professor simply ceases to teach a class, grant the right to students to choose freely which professor they prefer to take the exam with. This concerns students M-Z of the academic year 2021-22, who had Professor Sciandrello. As Professor Sciandrello has ceased to teach "Principles of Roman Law", students from that year can choose freely to take the exam either with professor Zandrino or Professor Barbati. Kindly notice that once You choose You cannot change again; once You take the exam with Professor Zandrino, if You fail it You cannot take it again with Professor Barbati (and vice versa, of course).      




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